Static synchronization

If you make any static method as synchronized, the lock will be on the class not on object.

Static synchronization in java

Problem without static synchronization

Suppose there are two objects of a shared class(e.g. Table) named object1 and object2.In case of synchronized method and synchronized block there cannot be interference between t1 and t2 or t3 and t4 because t1 and t2 both refers to a common object that have a single lock.But there can be interference between t1 and t3 or t2 and t4 because t1 acquires another lock and t3 acquires another lock.I want no interference between t1 and t3 or t2 and t4.Static synchronization solves this problem.

Example of static synchronization

In this example we are applying synchronized keyword on the static method to perform static synchronization.


Same example of static synchronization by anonymous class

In this example, we are using anonymous class to create the threads.


Synchronized block on a class lock:

The block synchronizes on the lock of the object denoted by the reference .class name .class. A static synchronized method printTable(int n) in class Table is equivalent to the following declaration: